Cuckoo Marans Chickens

We get a lot of blog hits from people searching for information about Cuckoo Marans chickens, an older breed that is newly popular. There isn’t a lot of information about Cuckoo Marans out there, so I though I would add a post about my experience with the breed.

Cuckoo Marans Momma Hen and Her Just Hatched Chicks: "Oh My Stars!"

I’m not going to write about how this is a heritage breed from France, their history in the United States, etc. I’m going to tell you my experience with the breed. If you just want the details in a nutshell: they are a good dual-purpose breed, average egg-layers (don’t go for them if you’re looking for serious production), dark eggs IF you get good genetics, good mothers, the roosters are good meat birds, and they’re pretty but don’t have spectacular plumage.

1. I wanted dark brown eggs. After reading about the different dark brown egg-laying breeds, the Cuckoo Marans seemed appealing, especially since I like dual-purpose birds.

2. I ordered 25 Cuckoo Marans, straight run, from Murray MacMurray hatchery, which is my favorite hatchery. They all survived and were healthy, BUT only a handful of the hens ended up laying the really dark eggs that MM advertises. Some were darkly speckled as opposed to entirely dark. (By they way, when you get the chicks, those with a larger whitish spot on the head tend to be the roosters. The hens tend to be darker).

I think this is because A) MacMurray’s got the breed, but they’re just pumping out the eggs, not raising them up and selecting for egg color and B) word on the street is, over the years, Cuckoo Marans were crossed with Barred Rocks to improve their egg production. So, the breed produced more eggs, but the eggs had an occasionally lighter color. Don’t get me wrong, the eggs are still darker than, say, a Buff Orpington, but I’ve had RIR’s lay darker eggs.

So…if you really want dark eggs right away, I recommend buying from a breeder, not one of the larger hatcheries.

3. Barred Rocks and Cuckoo Marans have similar coloring, but the barring and coloring is really different, if you pay attention. There was one hen of the 25 who had coloring more similar to a Barred Rock than a Cuckoo Marans, which reinforced my supposition that there were Barred Rock genetics present.

That hen’s name, by the way, is Chatty Kathy, because she used to make so much noise -cackling at me when I milked the goats. I think she was trying to say “I’m not a Marans. I’m not supposed to be here.” But, unlike Barred Rocks, she stopped laying her first moult and never started up again (I think that was two years ago). That’s an early retirement if I’ve ever seen one! She’s also mean to her fellow hens. She’s been on the list to cull, but Tree likes her, so she’s still part of the flock. For now.

4. So, back on the ranch, I selected the darkest eggs from the hens with the darkest coloring to hatch out. We had a good first hatching of chicks. Our Buff Orpington named Crazy raised them up (she was a broody machine, going broody again a few weeks after each clutched was raised…even in January). Sadly of that first clutch, more than half were roosters. More sadness, several of the female chicks drowned in the goat’s water bucket (we’ve since put it up on blocks when we have chicks), so we had a small number of hens that were raised up from that first batch. Many were already promised to friends, so we kept only two.

Those two hens had the dark feather coloring and dark eggs that I wanted, however, when I went to hatch out their eggs, many of the eggs were duds (they didn’t hatch). That has never happened. What that was all about I don’t know: did the rooster really not ever mount them? Or was there something structural or genetic at play?

I ended up being so enamored with a Marans/Araucana cross name Lulu (from a favored white Araucauna (Whitey) who was an incredible layer with a great personality), that I decided to stop breeding the Marans and just raise the offspring of Whitey and Lulu.

The Marans roosters were large and for the most part good roosters (in my book a good rooster doesn’t attack people, is not overly amorous with the hens, good fertilization rate, and takes care of his hens (finds them food, protects, etc.). The last purebred Marans rooster, however, ended up being mean with the girls, so I made the decision to keep a hybrid Marans/Araucauna cross and no longer raise pure Marans chickens. After all, there’s something to be said for hybrid vigor.

So, for all of you who find this blog looking for information about Cuckoo Marans, I hope this is useful to you!

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14 Responses to Cuckoo Marans Chickens

  1. I didn’t come looking for info on Marans chickens, having never heard of them before, but nonetheless, I couldn’t stop reading! Enjoyed hearing your story and I’m sure it will be helpful to people. and Jen, GWW is July 6-8 this year at the wonderful place I told you about, you coming?

  2. unfortunately, i’ll be in class…. boohoo. but one of these years!

  3. drat! school in the summer, eh? oh well…..

  4. Sylvester017 says:

    Thank you for writing about your experience with the Cuckoo Marans. I adopted a year-old Cuckoo and incorporated her into our little backyard flock. I was told she was a young layer and was in a breeding pen so I saved her first half-dozen eggs and gave them to a friend’s broody Orpington to hatch. Five eggs hatched giving 2 females and 3 males (2 with feathered legs). Our Cuckoo never laid particularly dark eggs barely making #4 on the egg color chart at best. Her eggs were different shades of average brown sometimes completely speckled with fine tiny flecks, or occasionally had large darker splotches, or half the egg had brown speckles while the other end was plain brown. We called her eggs golf balls because we couldn’t identify the pointed end of her eggs. Her eggs were the same weight as our Leghorn at 2.25 oz. However, our little Leghorn gave an egg every day while the Cuckoo gave an average of 2 or 3 per week. The Cuckoo ate a lot and did not really give much back in return. Additionally, this so-called gentle temperament Marans breed was a bully to the rest of the flock and our little Leghorn was constantly keeping the Cuckoo in line. The Cuckoo just did not fit into the backyard flock – she ate more feed than any of the others, layed the least amount of eggs for a first-year layer, did not prove to have the easy-going temperament reputed to belong to the Marans (she viciously bullied the littler hens) so we gave her to a backyard friend who had other Cuckoos in her flock and she is now at the bottom of a larger pecking order. A good place for her to be so she can’t throw her weight around on smaller hens. I will not have another Cuckoo again especially in a mixed flock – eats too much, disappointed in egg color, unpredictable temperament, more skittish than a Leghorn, not good at giving loud predator alerts, and lazy about foraging actively like the other hens. If I want a dark egg layer in the future, I will pay the bigger bucks for specialty breeder stock.

  5. toomanyeggs says:

    Black copper marans tend to lay darker eggs than cuckoos. The good news is that if you have a good (non-hatchery) black copper rooster and cross with your cuckoo marans hens all the pullets will be black copper (the baby roos will be cuckoos) and all of our black copper hens from this cross lay beautifully dark eggs. Mind you, even under the best of circumstances Marans don’t always lay mahogany eggs — they vary from day to day. But we have no shortage of eggs — my hens lay every day. .

  6. newbiemommahen says:

    My two cuckoo marans just laid their first eggs this morning at 16 weeks! One was a terra cotta color and the other was dark brown with specks. (a beauty of an egg but geesh she was really noisy doing so!) They are usually very docile and sweet. They matured much faster than their sisters- a barred rock, a buff and two americaunas…I have no complaints!

  7. carmen says:

    our marans are about 2-3 months old and one died today and another seems weak. do the other marans attack them? they are all in a brooder and nothing can get in unless you open the front door which has a latch. just wondering if anything like this has happened to anyone else out there.

  8. Nell says:

    Thanks for the information about your Marans…we are looking for a dark egg and you confirm our thoughts about hatcheries ….just send them birds…so we will keep looking for a good supplier of true Marans. We have been through all the other breeds that say they lay a nice rich brown egg….most don’t.

  9. Tammy says:

    You are so right about them BCM Roosters. I wanted the eggs… but not that bad. I do have one Birchen Marans Rooster I kept “Happy Feet” (he looked like the peguin). He is a good Rooster so far 1yr in August. Hasn’t been a broot yet. However, I will never try a BCM roo again and “Happy Feet” will be the last Marans Rooster if he changes. The hens are great. Very mild, not really friendly like others, not chatty, or easily spooked; but great moms, not too broody and just go with the flow. My favorite hens though are those adorable Ameracaunas. Just a try from the feed and seed store, but sooo friendly, such personality and who can resist those adorable cheeks! I’m getting more cuckoo hens this week, thats why I was reading the difference between cuckoos and barred rocks. I have one barred rock, and she’s beautiful but does not get quiet! ever! LoL More cuckoo marans pullets for me. They are sweet.

  10. Izzy says:

    Very good post! How can you tell the difference between a barred rock and a cuckoo when they both look barred? I bought 2 “barred rocks” last spring. They have layed every day nonstop since September 2015. One is light white striped with light brown medium eggs and the other is almost grey and black striped laying a dark brown medium sized egg.

  11. Joshua says:

    I would like to say a few things about your opinion of a good rooster!
    1. In order to be a protective rooster he has to attack anything that comes close to his ladies; whether it be a squirrel, skunks, raccoons, or people!
    2. In order for him to have good fertilization he has to breed his ladies! Which is rough! He has to chase them and catch and climb on top of them!

    And I disagree with you on hybrids! The only way to breed responsibly is to breed purebreds! Otherwise in the future the breeds will be all mixed and unless you butcher the hybrids yourself you can’t trace how far it’s cross bred genes will go! Think of how disappointing it was when you first got your chickens and they began to lay less dark eggs than you had hoped for!

    But I liked your blog! It was informative and interesting!

  12. Enjoyed your comment! I agree about breeding responsibly. When I raised hybrids, it was for butchering, not to sell the offspring.

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